Abnormal lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells that fight infection, become lymphoma cells, which multiply and collect in your lymph nodes.
Hodgkin Disease and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
About half of the blood cancers that occur each year are lymphomas. Lymphomas are divided into two categories: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
The primary difference between Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas can be determined during a biopsy of the affected lymph node. If Reed-Sternberg cells are found in the biopsy – mutated B lymphocytes up to fives times larger than normal – the patient is diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma.
Leukemia is cancer of the body’s blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system, which may be acute or chronic.
Some individuals do not experience symptoms, but rapidly-growing types of leukemia may cause:
- Weight loss
- Frequent infections
- Easy bleeding or bruising
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