Digestive & Bowel Cancer Facts

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Early detection is key.


Colorectal (digestive/bowel) cancer is the fourth most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States. Deaths from colorectal cancer have decreased with the use of colonoscopies and fecal occult blood tests, which check for blood in the stool.

The colon and the rectum are parts of the large intestine, which is the lower part of the body’s digestive system. During digestion, food moves through the stomach and small intestine into the colon. The colon absorbs water and nutrients from food and stores waste matter (stool). Stool moves from the colon into the rectum before it leaves the body.

Most colorectal cancers are adenocarcinomas, cancers that begin in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids. Colorectal cancer often begins as a growth called a polyp, which may form on the inner wall of the colon or rectum.

Some polyps become cancer over time. Finding and removing polyps can prevent colorectal cancer.

 

 

 

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