Bone & Multiple Myeloma Cancer Facts & Symptoms

Bone cancer is a cancer that is found in the bone. If spread, this cancer can affect any part of the body. Multiple myeloma is made up of plasma cells that destroy the bone. Myeloma can accelerate differently for each patient, but typically attacks the long bones, spine, ribs, and pelvis.


Bone cancer is a result of a cancerous tumor that destroys bone tissue. Bone cancer is typically uncommon and can begin in any bone of the body. However, it tends to affect the long bones that make up the arms and legs.

Researchers estimate 3,610 people will be diagnosed with bone cancer in 2021.

Primary bone cancer is a cancer that forms in the bone cells and is less common than secondary bone cancer, a cancer that forms by being spread to the bone from another part of the body.

The most common forms of bone cancer are osteosarcoma, that begins in the bone cells that make new tissue, and ewing tumors, that start in the hip bones, ribs, or the middle or long bones.

Symptoms of Bone Cancer:

  • Lump
  • Pain
  • Swelling

Previous radiation treatment and inherited conditions can increase the risk of bone cancer.


Multiple Myeloma

Abnormal plasma cells can form tumors in the bone or soft tissue. When there is only one tumor, the disease is called plasmacytoma. When there is more than one tumor, the disease is called multiple myeloma.

Researchers estimate 34,920 people will be diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 2021.

Multiple myeloma may not cause symptoms for a long time and is often not found until it has advanced.

Common symptoms of multiple myeloma include:

  • Anemia
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Weakness
  • Frequent infections
  • Bleeding

Besides weakening bones, multiple myeloma can damage organs and cause an abundance of calcium in the blood.


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